Carpet N Cleaning Company uses several carpet cleaning methods to clean Residential and Commercial carpets. Each cleaning method has its own particular advantages and disadvantages.
Basically, carpet-cleaning methods may be placed in one of two categories:
wet cleaning or dry cleaning. Wet cleaning includes hot water extraction and can include cleaning with an absorbent pad. Dry carpet cleaning involves the use of chemical powders or foams applied by special machines with counter rotating brushes, pads or cylinders.
1. Wet Cleaning
Also known as hot water extraction or steam cleaning, the carpet is first pre-conditioned with a chemical reagent that liquefies soils and oil-based substances which may be present in the carpet fibers. Water is heated to a temperature near its boiling point and pressurized, then injected into the carpet. After about 10 to 15 minutes, the solution is extracted with a vacuum.
– Gets out soiling from deep down in the carpet.
– Allows the use of high temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrates.
– Permits extended dwell times for reaction of cleaning solvents.
– Chemical reactivity facilitated by agitation with grooming tool or extraction wand.
– Most widely used method.
– Recommended by carpet manufacturers and industry cleaning experts and professionals.
– Relatively long drying time, but this can be reduced with the use of powerful equipment by competent technicians.
– Expensive equipment usually required for maximum efficiency.
– Relatively high cost factors.
2. Cleaning With An Absorbent Pad
This carpet cleaning method is also commonly known as bonnet cleaning and is
most often used for routine light maintenance. It can also be used for regular carpet cleaning. The carpet is first vacuumed, and then a chemical solution is sprayed on to it with a hand pump or electric sprayer. The solution is allowed to stay on the carpet for a suitable dwell or reaction time. The absorbent pad or bonnet, which looks like a towel, is placed on the drive block of a rotary floor machine and spun over the carpet surface at 100 to 300 rpm. This action serves to impregnate the carpet fibers with the chemical solution and then pick it up with the soils afterward.
– Fast, simple and inexpensive.
– Excellent results with lightly soiled carpets.
– Only cleans the top one-third of carpet fibers, incapable of reaching deeper.
– Leaves dirt and chemicals to accumulate at the bottom of the carpet fibers.
3. Dry Cleaning With An Absorbent Compound
A powder that has been mixed with special solvents and cleaning agents is spread over the carpet, and then worked into the carpet fibers with a machine fitted with counter-rotating brushes. The powder absorbs soils in the carpet fibers. After it’s allowed to set on the carpet for 10 to 15 minutes, it’s vacuumed up.
– Very simple system with no special technical training required.
– Very fast drying, it typically only takes about 20 minutes before the carpet can be back in service.
– Powder may be trapped in plush pile carpets and left to build up over time.
– Can cause excessive dust build-up in the home.
– Unable to clean deep down into the carpet.
4. Dry Foam or Rotary Shampoo Method
A cleaning agent is applied to the carpet to help suspend dirt and debris in the carpet, which is then whipped into foam and worked into the carpet fibers with the rotating brushes of a special machine. After a short dwell time, the foam is extracted with a vacuum.
– Fast, simple to apply and inexpensive.
– Rotating brushes provide excellent agitation.
– Small amount of moisture allows fast drying of carpet.
– Unable to achieve thorough soil extraction below the surface of the carpet.
– High temperatures usually not achieved.
– Excessive wetting possible with equipment malfunction.
5. ENCAPSULATION Cleaning
This process uses an encapsulation chemical solution that is sprayed onto the carpet, and then using a machine brush or a bonnet, the solution is worked into the carpet. The encapsulation surrounds the debris particle and crystallizes it so the soil can’t attach to more soil. Last, normal vacuuming is required to pick up the crystallized particles.
– The encapsulation method uses the crystal chemistry to keep carpet clean longer since the dirt-attracting residue is removed.
– When low-grade encapsulation products are used, the cleaning is not scrubbed deep enough. This method is very difficult for grease filled carpets.
– Also, a thorough vacuum is required in order to fully obtain all the articles left in the carpet.
Carpet Cleaning Process:
– Step 1: Pre-Inspection – Our Technician will do a walk through inspection with you to identify carpet history and construction, soiling conditions and potential permanent stains.
– Step 2: Pre-Vacuum – Dry soil is removed by a thorough vacuuming. Removing dry soil is one of the most important steps in the cleaning
– Step 3: Furniture Moving – Breakable items should be removed from all furniture before our arrival. Sofas, chairs and tables will be carefully moved. Furniture legs will be protected with disposable blocks and tabs. Larger pieces, such as beds and dressers are left in place under our regular pricing structure. Heavy dressers can be moved if drawers are empty or removed.
– Step 4: Pre-Spray – A preconditioning agent is applied to break down traffic area soil and other spots for a more thorough cleaning.
– Step 5: Pre-Spot – Difficult spots are pre-treated with special cleaning solutions to increase the chance of removal
– Step 6: Pre-Groom – Your carpet will be pre-groomed with a carpet groomer or rotary cleaning machine (depending on soil level) to further loosen traffic area soil.
– Step 7: Extract and Rinse – Once the soil has been loosened, our state-of-the-art truck-mounted hot water extraction cleaning process will thoroughly flush the carpet pile. Pressure and heat are regulated to prevent the carpet from being over-wet.
– Step 8: Neutralizer – Every carpet that we clean is pH balanced so that there is no sticky residue left behind. According to the carpet manufacturers, this is one of the most important steps to ensure that your carpet is left soft and fresh.
– Step 9: Post Spot Treatment – If any spots are not removed during the cleaning process, specialty spotting techniques are employed. Note: Potential permanent stains, as identified by the technician, may not be removed.
**For longer carpet life and fewer permanent stains, be sure to have professional carpet protector applied to your carpet.**
– Step 10: Post Groom – Your carpet is groomed with a professional groomer so that the pile of your carpet is standing tall when we leave. Post grooming helps the carpet pile dry faster and in the right position.
– Step 11: Speed Dry – High velocity air movers are placed on the carpet immediately after cleaning to promote faster drying.
– Step 12: Post Cleaning Inspection – Our technician will walk through your home with you to point out the cleaning results and make sure that you are completely thrilled with the job. If you have any questions or concerns, please let our technician know during this time. We want to be sure that you are 100% satisfied before we leave.